References

Heat exchangers

Heat exchangers ensure heat distribution for heating objects and heating hot water.

We classify different types of heat exchangers by working medias to steam heat exchangers or hot-water heat exchangers.

The control system ensures, both an autonomous control and a control within the network based on instrucions from superior control system for example a heating boiler station or a central source of heat.

In heating season, the system ensures heating water and practicly continuously, except a summer shutdown, it ensures heating and supply of hot water.

A Secondary operation of the system is to ensure measurements of amount of supplied heat and hot water, eventually electric energy.

Generally, the system is interconnected by a communtication network with other technological units of heating system.

The system operation proceeds at local operator workplace and concurrently it‘s connected to the remote dispatching of the heatin system.

Field instrumentation consists of sensors (pressure, temperature) that are connected to the system via/through I/O and heat meters that are connected by communtication protocols.